The House Ways and Means Committee yesterday issued its version of new taxes needed to support the funding priorities. Highlights are that Biden’s proposal to turn gifting and death into realization events has been scrapped and his addition of a new, 39.6% tax rate on capital gains once AGI exceeds $1 million has been modified. In their place, new taxes have been proposed. These include:
- lowering the income amount on which the 39.6% ordinary income tax rate is applied
- replacing the current 20% capital gains tax rate with a 25% capital gains tax rate
- reverting to the $5 million lifetime estate tax exemption (indexed for inflation) as of 2022 rather than 2026, and
- adding a 3% surcharge tax on income in excess of $5 million.
Furthermore, Congress is proposing major changes to retirement savings. New laws would limit retirement account balances and end the popular back-door Roth contribution strategy.
Below is a list of changes to the retirement regulations and the chart summarizing major tax changes.
Changes to Retirement Accounts
- Contribution Limits: Additional contributions to IRAs would be prohibited once the combined account balances, including defined contribution plans, exceeds $10 million. This applies only to taxpayers with taxable income in excess of $450,000 for married filing jointly (MFJ), $400,000 for single taxpayers or $425,000 for heads of household. (These amounts are indexed for inflation.)
- Increased minimum required distributions for large account balances: If a taxpayer’s combined IRAs and defined contribution accounts exceed $10 million and taxable income exceeds the amounts above, then there will be a required minimum distribution of 50% of the amount in excess of $10 million. Additional requirements will be imposed for combined accounts in excess of $20 million.
- Eliminate back-door Roth contributions: Roth conversions will not be allowed for taxpayers with taxable income in excess of $450,000 for MJF, $400,000 for single taxpayers, or $425,000 for heads of households.
- After-tax contributions prohibited: After-tax contributions will be prohibited for qualified plans. Roth conversions from after-tax IRA contributions will be banned for all income levels.